This followed Shell having created "its own test lab to replicate fraud and try out new deterrents," according to a report in CSPNet. StorefrontBacktalk Retail Columnist Todd Michaud, who has managed IT for several franchisee chains, said the resentment of franchisees regarding IT is legendary. "Most franchisees feel that IT spending belongs in the same level of hell as the IRS. Even if the spending shows to have significant benefit attached, too many failed projects, broken promises and over-inflated ROI tied to past projects haunt the decisions of today," Michaud said. "Many times, franchisors are left with no options but to incent or even fund the technology investment to make it happen. Unfortunately, most franchisors feel as strongly about not paying for franchise IT as the operators do themselves. In this case, my guess is that the incentive to the jobbers far outweighed the" damages from continued fraud.